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Things to Consider When Choosing an Aluminum Grade

Aluminum is used commonly for various industrial and non-industrial applications. This material is offered in a wide range of grades and shapes. It generally offers excellent resistance to corrosion, making it virtually maintenance free. It possesses an excellent strength-to-weight ratio and weighs about one-third as much as steel, iron, brass, or copper. Aluminum plate provides better heat conductivity than other popular metals. It also conveys electricity with similar capabilities to copper.

Aluminum, as a non-toxic metal, is ideal for use in food preparation equipment and machinery. It is reflective in nature, non-combustible, and highly suited for lighting installations. Some of the applications in which aluminum alloys are used include furnishings, transport, electrical, food packaging,

Selecting an Aluminum Grade
In many cases, choosing the right aluminum grade for your application can be challenging. If aesthetics are not an issue and the project is not require any structural support, then various types of aluminum grades may be adequate for the purpose at hand. However, in many cases the aluminum grade you choose will depend specifically on a certain application and the expectations for the metal in that application.

When selecting an aluminum grade, consider the following essential factors:

  • Machining
  • Weldability
  • Formability or Workability
  • Corrosion Resistance
  • Strength
  • Heat Treating
  • Typical end use applications

Common Aluminum Grades and Industry Applications
When evaluating and selecting the right alloy for a particular industry application, the aluminum alloys referred to below along with their common applications can help you choose the right material.

  • 1100 Aluminum Alloy – Metal spinning in general fabrication purposes
  • 2011 Aluminum Alloy – General machining applications
  • 2024 Aluminum Alloy – Aerospace applications
  • 3003 Aluminum Alloy – Food equipment and chemical or general fabrication applications
  • 5052 Aluminum Alloy – General fabrication and marine applications
  • 6061 Aluminum Alloy – General fabrication and structural applications
  • 6063 Aluminum Alloy – Architectural applications
  • 7075 Aluminum Alloy – Aerospace applications

In order to choose the correct way for your specific application, it is beneficial to work with the technical or engineering Department of an experienced aluminum supply company. By using the optimal alloys for your application, you can optimize the success of your application, utilizing products that possess the necessary strength, weight, durability, and cost-effectiveness.

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